Lycopene, a natural fat-soluble pigment, is one of the major carotenoids found in human plasma. Natural pure lycopene is a kind of crimson needle substance, and is so named because it was first extracted from tomatoes.
Lycopene is the natural food ingredients with strongest antioxidant found in nature, the ability of clearing free radicals (the source of all diseases) is 100 times than vitamin E, two times than α-carotene and β-carotene. It has significant effects on preventing and treating prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, uterine cancer, it also can prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, enhance immunity, anti-aging and so on. Studies have shown that high levels of lycopene in the blood can reduce 34% of the risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene is known as “the greatest contribution food to human health”, and therefore has a reputation of “the gold in plants”, known as “the new darling of the 21st century health care products”. Currently, lycopene is widely accepted in Europe, America, Japan and China’s Hong Kong and Taiwan. And according to pharmaceutical raw materials suppliers, so far, there are no reports found that taking lycopene have side effects, so that it is suitable for long-term use.
Human body cannot synthesize lycopene, so it must be supplied from outside. Generally, every person should intake of 5mg lycopene every day. In order to prevent cancer or just for other health purposes (such as anti-aging, etc.), daily doses of 12-24mg lycopene is relatively reasonable. Lycopene is fat-soluble, preferably taking with fat-containing food (such as after meals) in order to facilitate its absorption.
Clinically proven, lycopene has a significant role in prostate cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, esophageal cancer, oral cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, can shrink the tumor to almost disappear. The anti-cancer mechanism of lycopene can be outlined as following: Lycopene promotes cancer cell transformation to the positive direction, inhibit cancer cell proliferation. The human body under the influence of aging, disease and stress, decreased immune function, the original body hidden cancer and cancer cells will take advantage of a weaken point, then developed into clinical cancer symptoms. Lycopene can enhance immune function and promote a number of cytokine secretion, whihc has anti-cancer effects, there are mainly the interleukin-Ⅱtumor necrosis factor -α (TNF-α) and interferon, etc., can effectively activate lymphocytes and NK cells dissolved cancer cells.
Human DNA can mutate in the role of oxygen free radicals, so the cells become cancerous. Lycopene can effectively quench free radicals, so that supply strong antioxidant lycopene can play a systemic health effects, including anti-cancer effect. Studies found that lycopene and α-carotene can reduce the incidence of lung cancer in non-smokers, but only lycopene can reduce the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Researchers conduct prevention cancer trials with lycopene, confirm that lycopene can decrease the incidence of various cancers, particularly more apparent in the esophagus, stomach, colon and prostate cancer. There are also some tests show the level of lycopene in the blood were negatively correlated with pancreatic cancer, can reduce the incidence of lung cancer.
In vitro culture medium, lycopene’s inhibition capacity to breast cancer cell is stronger than β-carotene over one times. If rational use with other antioxidants (such as vitamin E, vitamin C, β- carotene), it can promote the female breast health developed, reducing breast cancer risk. Studies have found that women with low levels of lycopene have more than five times of cervical cancer incidence than women with high levels. Higher intake of lycopene can reduce the incidence of ovarian cancer. Lycopene also has assisted reproductive role, promote ovulation and increase chances of conceiving, reduce the phenomenon of premenstrual syndrome.